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Keoladeo National Park | Ramsar (Wetland) site in India
About Keoladeo National Park
- Keoladeo National Park, formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, was designated as a Ramsar (Wetland) site on 1st October 1981.
- It is also named Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
- It is a man-made and man-managed wetland
- It is located in the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan
- It is considered one of the richest bird areas.
- It provides ideal habitat for the Siberian crane.
- Area: 2,873 hectares
- Designation: Criteria 2 – Criteria based on species and ecological communities
- Protection Status: Keoladeo National Park
- It was included in Montreaux Record in 1990 due to “water deficiency and an unstable grazing management”.
- Wetland Type: Freshwater marsh and swamp
- Other Designations: UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Management Authority: Rajasthan Forest Department
Values and Benefits of Keoladeo National Park
- Groundwater recharge
- Habitat for several migratory species
- Tourism offers livelihood to local communities
- Provide several medicinal and ornamental resources
- Scientific and educational importance
Species richness found in Keoladeo National Park
- 375 Birds
- 57 Fishes
- 34 Mammals
- 32 Amphibians and Reptiles
- 372 Plants
Some important species found in Keoladeo National Park
- Sarus Crane – classified as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
- Greater Spotted Eagle – classified as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
- Painted Stork – classified as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List.
- Hog Deer – classified as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
- Sambar – classified as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
Major threats for Keoladeo National Park
- Hydrological regime alteration
- Invasive species proliferation like Water hyacinth, Knot grass, Mesquite and African catfish