Comparing Mitosis and Meiosis: A Table of Key Differences

Mitosis and meiosis are two types of cell division that play crucial roles in the growth and reproduction of living organisms. While both processes involve the division of a single cell into two or more daughter cells, there are several key differences between mitosis and meiosis that set them apart. Mitosis is primarily responsible for the growth and repair of tissues, while meiosis is essential for sexual reproduction and the creation of genetic diversity.

Difference between Mitosis and Meiosis

Today, we will compare and contrast these two processes in detail, highlighting the key differences between mitosis and meiosis in a clear and concise table format.

PurposeAsexual reproduction and tissue growthSexual reproduction and genetic diversity
Number of Daughter Cells24
Chromosome NumberSame as Parent CellHalved
Chromosome ShapeIdenticalDifferent
Chromosome AlignmentMetaphase PlateTetrad
Nuclear EnvelopePresent in both Anaphase and TelophaseBreaks down only in Prophase I
Chromosome MovementDirectly to opposite polesIndirectly to opposite poles through spindle fibers
CytokinesisSimilar in both cellsDifferent in each cell
Number of Chromosome Sets12
Crossing OverNoYes
Chromosome ReductionNoYes
Resultant CellsIdenticalNon-Identical
DNA ReplicationNoYes
Genetic VariationNoYes
Chromosome SeparationEquationalReductional
Spindle FormationInterpolarCentrosomal
Number of Meiotic Divisions12
Chromosome Number in GametesSame as Parent CellHalved
Mitotic IndexHighLow
Daughter Cell SpecializationNoYes
ExamplesGerm Cells, Blood Cells, Skin CellsGerm Cells, Spore Formation in Plants, Fungi
Comparing Mitosis and Meiosis

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