120+ Bihar Important Facts: For BPSC, BSSC Exam Preparation- Bihar GK

Bihar Important Facts: For students preparing for BPSC, BSSC, and various other exams. It is also important for the upcoming 66th BPSC Prelims exam.

  1. Present Patna was also known as Patliputra, Kusumpur, Pushpapur, Azimabad etc.
  2. Magadh, the Mahajanpad of Bihar was situated in present-day Patna and Gaya and its capital was Rajagrih.
  3. Mahagovind, who was an architect in the Court of Bihar created Rajagrih (Capital).
  4. Jeewak was a famous physician in the Court or Bimbsar.
  5. The first Buddhist Council was organized at Rajagrih (483 B.C.) during the rule of Ajatshatru.
  6. The regime of Ajatshatru was from 491 B.C. to 10459 B.C.
  7. The second Buddhist Council was organized at Vaishali in 383 B.C. during the regime of Kalashok, the successor of Shishunag.
Image: 120+ Bihar Important Facts: For BPSC, BSSC Exam Preparation- Bihar GK
Image: Bihar Important Fact – Bihar GK
  1. Mahapadmanand founded the Nanda dynasty by putting an end to the Shishunag period,
  2. Remnants of the Royal Kingdom (Raj Prasad) of Chandragupta Maurya’s period were found at Kumhrar village of Patna. Spunar is credited with its invention.
  3. Two demi-God statues recovered from Patliputra as well as Chamar Grahini demi-Goddes statue recovered from Deedarganj are the unique symbol of Mauryan folk art.
  4. Chandra Gupta I of the Gupta Dynasty married. Kumar Devi, the princess of Lichchhavi.
  5. Ajgaivee Nath temple of Sultanganj and the Caves near Kahalgaon were constructed during the Gupta period.
  6. Patliputra was the main center of sculpture during the Gupta period. Mahabodhi Temple of Bodhgaya and Maniyar Math’ temple of Rajagriha were constructed during the Gupta period.
  7. With the successful attack of Ikhtiaruddin-Bin-Bhakhtiyar Khilji in Bihar, the period of the Turk regime began.
  8. Material related to Neostone age was found in Chirand (Saran).
  9. “Fareed” was the real name of Sher Shah Suri. The title of Sher Khan to Sher Shah was given by Sultan Bahar Khan of Bihar
  10. The tomb of Sher Shah is located at Sasaram. It is a unique example of masonry art.
  11. In ancient times, Bihar was known as a Magadh state.
  12. The capital of Magadh State was Patliputra (Patna).
  13. Lord Buddha attained Nirvana at Bodh Gaya in Bihar.
  14. Oudantapuri, the place with a large number of Buddhist monasteries is known as Bihar Sharif.
  15. States of Magadh, Anga. Vaishali and Mithila of ancient India have been the important pillars in the development of Indian civilization and culture.
  16. The beginning of the Magadh state was done by Brihdrath, the father of Jarasandh.
  17. The glory of an empire to the Magadh state was granted by emperor Bimbisar.
  18. Chandragupta and Ashok were rulers of the Mauryan empire.
  19. Ashok was the son of Bindusar, the son of Chandra Gupta Maurya. Ashoka’s full name is Ashok Vardhan.
  20. After the Kalinga war, Ashoka adopted Buddhism.
  21. Black and red mud utensils were recovered from Rajgir, Sonpur, Chirand, and Antichak.
  22. Shining mud utensils of black color were recovered from Buxar and Chirand.
  23. The first description of Videh has been found in Shatpath Brahmin. The beginning of Videh royal dynasty is supposed to be from Nimi Videh, the son of the Ikshbaku dynasty. He was “Suryavanshi.”
  24. Mithila was founded by the second king of Videh dynasty Janak Videh.
  25. Sirdhvaj Janak was the 25th king of this dynasty, whose adopted daughter Sita was married to Ram, the son of Dasrath.
  26. The first description of Anga is found in Atharva Veda. In the beginning, Malini was its Capital, later on, its name was changed to Champawati or Champa.
  27. Bimbisar, the founder ruler of the Haryanka dynasty of Magadha established marital relations with Vaishali, Kaushal, and Bhadra provinces.
  28. Nalanda University has been known as the best center for Buddhist education.
  29. A detailed description of Nalanda University can be found in the description of Fa-Hien and Huen-Tsang (Chinese travelers).
  30. Besides Indians, students from Java, Tibet, Sri Lanka, China, and Korea used to take admission for study at Nalanda University Teaching in all subjects was done in
  31. Nalanda University but the education of Mahayana Branch of Bui his religion is worth mention.
  32. Ratnodadhi, Ratna Sagar, Ratnranjak were the library hall in Nalanda University. Nine-story Library hall of architectural design was worth seeing.
  33. Sheelbhadra was the famous and renowned vice-chancellor of Nalanda University.
  34. Dharmpal, Chandrapal, Gurmati, Sthirmati, Prabha Mitra, Jinmitra, Ding-nag, Gyanchandra Nagarjun, Basubandh, Asang, and Darm-Kirti were some of the famous teachers of Nalanda University.
  35. Nalanda University was established with the efforts of emperor Kumar Gupta (Gupta Period).
  36. Pali language was the medium of instruction at Nalanda University.
  37. During the last decade of the 12th Century (beginning of the Medieval period), Nalanda University was destroyed by the attack of Bakhtiyar Khilji.
  38. Oudantpuri University (Situated in Bihar Sharif) was established by Gopal, the first ruler of the Pala dynasty.
  39. Oudantpuri University was the main center of Tantra Science.
  40. Maharakshit and Sheelrakshit were the main teachers of Oudantpuri University.
  41. Credit for establishing Vikramshila University goes to Dharampal (770-810 A.D.), the ruler of the Pala dynasty.
  42. Vikramshila University was the main center for the education of the Bajrayan Branch of the Buddhist religion. Besides this, education of justice, philosophy, and grammar was also imparted.
  43. Rakshit, Virochan, Gyanbhadra, Buddh, Jetarii, Ratnakar, Shantigyan, Srimitra and Abhayankar, were the main teachers of Vikramshila University.
  44. Deepankar was a renowned teacher at Vikramshila University
  45. Bakhtiyar Khilji also destroyed Vikramshila University. The description of this incident has been provided by the contemporary historian Minhaj-Us-Shiraz in his Volume “Tavkate Nasiri.
  46. Tildhak was the important educational center of Magadh.
  47. Huen-Tsang and Itising, the Chinese travelers wrote the description of Tildhak Mahavidyalaya.
  48. Credit for establishing the Tildhak Mahavidyalayas goes to the ruler of the Haryanka dynasty.
  49. Tildhak Mahavidyalay was the centre of Mahayana sect. Pragyanbhadra was the main professor of this Mahavidyalaya.
  50. Tildhak Mahavidyalaya has been recognized as a Tillas village near Nalanda.
  51. Megasthanese was the first and famous foreign traveler in Bihar. Megasthense came in the Court of Chandragupta Maurya at Patliputra as the messenger of Celucus king.
  52. Famous volume Indica was written by Megasthanese, the Greek traveler.
  53. During the reign of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya (Gupta Emperor) Fa-Hien (Chinese traveler) toured the entire Bihar.
  54. Huen-Tsang, (Chinese traveler) toured the entire Bibar during the regime of Harshvardhan.
  55. Itsing (Chinese traveler) toured Bihar in the seventh century.
  56. Grand-Trunk Road was constructed by Shershah Suri.
  57. G.T. Road connects Bengal with Punjab.
  58. Old Vaishali city is known as the present Muzaffarpur. Aryabhatt the great astronomer had a deep relation with Patliputra city of Bihar.
  59. Shri Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Sikh Guru (last) was born on 26th December 1666. in Patna.
  60. Patna Museum, the oldest museum of Bihar was established in 1915. But it was duly inaugurated in 1917 by Governor Edward Gate of Bihar-Orissa.
  61. The design of the building of Patna Museum was prepared by Rai-Bahadur Vishnu Swaroop based on Indo-Sarsenik architecture.
  62. Construction of Patna Museum started in 1925 and was completed in December 1928.
  63. More than 50 thousand articles are on display in the Patna Museum. They are kept in 12 divisions. These divisions are architecture, art, pedology, geology, geo element images, natural history, arms, plaster pictures, industry, collection of the life history of Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
  64. Skeleton of Lord Buddha, demi-God of Deedarganj prehistoric articles, stone age remnants Gandhar of Kushan period, statues made of Mathura Art, statues of Gupta period, statues of Pal and Sen art, nearly 22 thousand Coins of a different period, different pictures, images of disappearing birds and animals are the important historical heritages preserved in Patna Museum.
  65. The Purnia area of Bihar has been a place of Saints revolution. Patna and Saran were also the centers of this revolution.
  66. During the middle of the 18th Century, Patna was an important center of opium production as well as its sale.
  67. The great Revolution of 1857 in Patna was started on 3rd July 1857 under the leadership of Peer Ali.
  68. Veer Kunwar Singh, the great warrior of Bihar in the revolt of 1857 will always be remembered.
  69. During 1822-1868 Patna was the Centre of the Wahabi movement. Maulvi Villayat Ali was the main leader of the Wahabi movement in Bihar.
  70. In 1913 Shachindra Sanyal formed the Anusheelan Committee in Patna.
  71. In 1908 Bihar State Congress Committee was formed under the leadership of Nawab Sarfaraj Hussain Khan. Its first convention was held in Patna,
  72. during the Lucknow Congress Convention of December 1916, Raj Kumar Shukla invited Gandhiji to visit Champaran
  73. Aryabhatt was a famous Mathematician. He initially laid the foundation of Algebra. He was born at Kusumpur (present Patna) in 473 A.D. He discovered the decimal system.
  74. The organization of the first Bihar Student Movement took place inf the field of Patna College in 1906.
  75. In 1916 Home-Rule League was founded under the Chairmanship of Mazharul Haq.
  76. As per the preparation of the outline by Dr. Rajendra Prasad in Bihar, the Salt movement was started first from Champaran and Saran on 6th April 1930.
  77. A huge earthquake shook Bihar in 1934.
  78. The painting was developed in Bihar during the period of the Mauryan empire. Gupta and Pala rulers as well as rulers of the Medieval period.
  79. Madhubani Painting, Patna-Kalam Painting, and Manjusha Paintings are the famous paintings of Patna.
  80. Madhubani Painting is also known as Mithila Painting. This painting is mainly representative of women’s ambition in the Hindu religion.
  81. “Kohbar” inside the house and Maudna outside the house are the popular painting among the family pictures of Madhubani paintings.
  82. Gandhari’s picture drawn by Mahadev Lal which is preserved in the Patna Museum is the most important painting of Patna Kalam.
  83. River Kosi is known as the ‘Sorrow of Bihar.’
  84. East Indian Railway was the first railway which started in Bihar in 1860-1862
  85. Mahatma Gandhi Bridge (Patna-Hajipur) has been constructed over the river Ganga.
  86. Rajendra Bridge constructed at river Ganga is in Mokama.
  87. First Allahabad Bank was started at Patna.
  88. In Bihar, the maximum no. of Branches is of the State Bank of India. ·
  89. Nachari tune was discovered by Vidyapati the famous poet of Mithila.
  90. Well, a known hot water pond is in Rajagriha.
  91. The water of the hot pond is very useful for patients of skin disease because it has a mixture of minerals as well as sulfur.
  92. Saptdhara, Brahm Kund, Surya Kund, Manak Kund, Makhdoom Kund are located in Rajgir.
  93. Gomukh Kund, Lakshman Kund, Sita Kund are in Munger.
  94. Waterfalls of Bihar are in Gaya, Rohtas, and Navada district.
  95. Kakolat Waterfalls of Bihar is located in Navada district.
  96. Sir Edward Maynard Des Champass Chamiyar was the first Chief justice of Patna High Court.
  97. Sir Syed Fazal Ali was the first Indian Chief Justice of Patna High Court.
  98. Son canal is the oldest canal of Bihar.
  99. Kosi Hydel Project was constructed in collaboration with Nepal.
  100. Potato Development and Research Institute are in Bihar Sharif (Nalanda).
  101. Annesley Spinosa Development and Research Institute are located in Darbhanga.
  102. In Bihar, tubewell irrigation is done in Rohtas in the majority area.
  103. The Maithili language is the regional language spoken over the maximum area.
  104. The Maithili language is the regional language spoken by a maximum no. of people in Bihar.
  105. The first railway line in Bihar was constructed between Mughal Sarai and Kolkata.
  106. Dhan (Rice) is the crop which is sown in a maximum area of Bihar
  107. In Bihar, Jute is grown in large areas of Purnia.
  108. In large areas, canal irrigation is done in North Ganga plain.
  109. Bihar has a monsoon type climate.
  110. In Bihar wet deciduous forests are found.
  111. Sal tree is known as the King of deciduous forests.
  112. The sugar industry is the oldest industry of Bihar.
  113. The maximum amount of limestone is found in the Kaimur hills of Bihar
  114. The state assembly was formed in Bihar under section 170 of the Constitution.
  115. Bihar State Assembly independently came into existence in 1937.
  116. Patna High Court was established in 1916.
  117. In 1984, the Urdu language was given the status of the second language of the state.
  118. E.M. Foster called the language of Bihar was Bihari boli. On 11th August 1942 in hoisting the flag at the secretariat in the sequence of the Quit India Movement seven students were martyred.
  119. As per the 2011 Census, the total population of Bihar is 104,099,452 (10.41 Crores) with a population density of is 1,106 per sq km.

The above-mentioned Bihar Important Facts are collected from various sources.

READ: First in Bihar GK

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